Mahmudhoja Behbudiy (1875-1919)

Category: Literature of Jadid's period Published: Saturday, 29 September 2012

Behbudiy is one of the leaders of Jadidism action in Turkistan. Subsequently, his post was changed from “clerk” (mirza) to mufti. He was born in 1875 in Samarkand. Behbudiy was a man who propaganded Jadid schools ideas and was also an initiator of such schools. He is an author of following books: “Risolai Jugrofiai umroni”, “Risolai asbobi savod”, “Kitobat-ul-atfol”, “Tarihi Islom”. They were written in Turkish (an old Uzbek language) and Persian languages.

Behbudiy was a founder of newspapers, such as: “Samarqand” and “Oina” (The mirror).

Behbudiy was a first playwriter and a founder of theatre. For the first time his play “Padarkush” (“Patricide”) was dramatized by himself (1911).

Behbudiy wrote more than 300 articles which were published in Turkistan`s newspapers ansd journals. Behbudiy’s life and works are studied by prof. of NUU B. Kosimov, A. Aliev, Sh. Rizaev, D. Rashidova and by E. Ollworth (USA) and I. Baldauf (Germany).

Sources:
Behbudiy. “Padarkush”, Shark yulduzi” magazine, 1989, #7
Behbudiy. “Ehtiyotli millat”. “Sovet O`zbekistoni” Newspaper 1989.
Behbudiy “Bayoni hakikat”. “Fan va turmush”.
Behbudiy “Yoshlarga murojaat”. “Ikki emas, to`rt (four) til lozim”. Tafakkur magazine, 1994 #1.
Behbudiy. Tanlangan asarlar (selected works). T., 1997.

Scientific literatures:
Uzbek Ensiklopediasi. 2-volume. T., 2001.
Kasimov S. Behbudiy va Jadidchilik. “Uzbekiston adabiyoti va san`ati” 26 January 1990.
Kosimov B. Karvonboshi. “Yoshlik” magazine.1990 #1.
Aliyev A. Mahmudhoja Behbudiy. T., 1994.
Ahmedov S. O`limdan qo’rqmagan mutafakkir. “Sovet O`zbekistoni Adabiyoti” 1989 #2.
Rizayev Sh. “Padarkush” yohud Samarkand tarihidan lavhalar. “Vatan” newspaper 1994, #39.

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